Types of training

Types of training

Types of training

1. Classified by the training orientation:

There are two types: job – oriented training and firm – oriented training

1.1. Job – oriented training:

This is the type of training to have the ability to do a specific job. The employee can use this ability to work for different firms.

1.2. Firm – oriented training:

This is the type of training to have the abilities, approaches and ways to do a typical job in the firm. When the employee moves to another firm, the trained abilities are normally of no use.

2. Classified by the training goal:

There are:

• Work guide to employee training;
• Skill training and coaching;
• Job safety training;
• Job qualification training and improving;
• Administrative capability training and developing, and so on.

2.1. Work guide to employee training:

This training type is to provide new employees with new information, knowledge and instruction about the job and company. It also helps the employees to quickly get on well with the working condition and working style of the new company.

2.2. Skill training and coaching.

This type helps the employee to have professional and suitable skills to fulfill the required job.

2.3. Job safety Training:

This type of training instructs the employee how to work safely in preventing industrial accidents.

2.4. Job qualification training and improving:

This type is often carried out periodically in order to help the professional staff to keep up to date with new knowledge and skills

2.5. Administrative capability training and developing:

This type helps the administrators to become concerned about and familiar with new working methods, to improve their practical skills and management and employee motivation experiences in the company.

3. Classified by the organizing method:

This kind of classification is divided into:

• Regular training;
• On – the – job training;
• By – the – company training;
• On – site training.

3.1. Regular training:

In this type of training, employees are separated from the daily work at the company; therefore, the training course time is short but the training effect is usually better than other types. However, the number of employee that can attend this course is very limited.

3.2. On – the – job training:

This method is applied to the employees who both go to work and attend the training course. The training time is often out of working time, maybe at night or at a specific time during the working time. For example, some times per week or several gatherings per quarter, and so on. This type depends on the specific conditions of the region or the company.

3.3. By – the – company training:

This method is often used to train new employees for large enterprises. They have their own training classes to recruit and give the trainees proper knowledge on the job. Then, the excellent ones will be recruited and work for the enterprises. Trainees will study theory at the classes and practise directly at the departments of the enterprises.

3.4. On – site training:

This is the both learning and working type of training: the high – level employees (instructors) will help the new or low – level ones (learners). The training period is carried out right at the working place.

4. Classified by the training place.

There are in – company training and out – company training.

5. Classified by the type of trainees:

There are new training and retraining:

5.1. New training:

This method is applied to general employees with no professional skills. Although they have started working or have worked before, they have no necessary skills to do the job

5.2. Retraining:

This method is applied to the employees at a professional working skill level, but they are asked to change their job by the enterprise.

Related documents to training

Job training methods

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