Purpose of job analysis

Purpose of job analysis

why is job analysis important ?

Directly outcomes / results of job analysis are job description and job specification. Apart from job description and job specification, Functions / benefits of job analysis include elements as below.

1. Purpose of job analysis in Recruitment and Selection:

Job analysis is very important for contents as:

• Job duties that should be included in advertisements of vacant positions;
• Appropriate salary level for the position to help determine what salary should be offered to a candidate;
• Minimum requirements (education and/or experience) for screening applicants;
• Interview questions;
• Selection tests/instruments (e.g., written tests; oral tests; job simulations);
• Applicant appraisal/evaluation forms;
• Orientation materials for applicants/new hires

2. Purpose of job analysis in Job evaluation

• Judges relative worth of jobs in an organization
• Sets fair compensation rates

3. Purpose of job analysis in Job design

• Reduce personnel costs, streamline work processes,
• Increase productivity and employee empowerment,
• Enhance job satisfaction and provide greater scheduling flexibility for the employee.
• Simplify job with too many disparate activities
• Identifies what must be performed, how it will be performed, where it is to be performed and who will perform it.

4. Purpose of job analysis in Compensation and Benefits:

Job Analysis can be used in compensation to identify or determine:

• Skill levels
• Compensation job factors
• Work environment (e.g., hazards; attention; physical effort)
• Responsibilities (e.g., fiscal; supervisory)
• Required level of education (indirectly related to salary level

5. Importance of job analysis in Performance Appraisal:

Job Analysis can be used in performance review to identify or develop:
• Goals and objectives
• Performance standards
• Length of probationary periods
• Duties to be evaluated
• Evaluation criteria

6. Importance of job analysis in Training and development:

Job Analysis can be used in training needs assessment to identify or develop:

• Training content
• Assessment tests to measure effectiveness of training
• Equipment to be used in delivering the training
• Methods of training (i.e., small group, computer-based, video, classroom…)

7. Job analysis increases productivity

How a job analysis increases productivity?

• Job analysis also identify performance criteria so that it promote worker for best performance.
• Job analysis can use methods of time and motion study or micro-motion analysis in order to time and motion for job.

8. Importance of job analysis in Compliance with labor law:

• Identify requirements in compliance with labor law.
• Compliance with Civil Rights Legislation in US.
• EEO (Equal Employment Opportunity) compliance in US

Reference documents:

Process of job analysis
Methods of job analysis
Job analysis questionnaires
Job analysis sample (near 10 forms of job analysis).
What is job analysis
Classification of job analysis methods
Practical problems with job analysis
Information source of job analysis
HR career ebooks (you can download free and ref all ebooks related HR career…)
Author: Davi Ngo, hrvinet.com

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