1. Definition of job element method (JEM method)
Job element method is a method of job analysis, developed by Ernest Primoff.
This method, like the critical incident technique, focuses on satisfactory workers. It attempts to identify the characteristics of satisfactory workers (job elements).
JEM method focuses on work behaviors and the results of this behavior rather than more abstract characteristics.
2. Process of JEM method
The steps to perform a Job Element job analysis are:
Step 1: Select a group of experts
JEM is usually conducted by a professional analyst, who are project leader, and a team of six subject matter experts (SMEs), who are usually incumbents and supervisors.
Step 2: Conduct brainstorming sessions to identify job elements
• SMEs will make a list of element of job.
• When all of the elements have been listed, the analyst asks the SMEs to provide sub-elements. Sub-elements are specific behavioral examples that illustrate the meaning of the element
Step 3: Assign weights to each of the elements based on the following criteria
• Trouble Likely If Not Considered (T ): the trouble likely to occur if the element is not considered; and
• Practical (P): practicality–the effect of including the job element on the organization’s ability to fill job openings.
• Barely Acceptable (B): proportion of barely acceptable workers who have the job element;
• Superior (S): effectiveness of the element in picking a superior worker;
Step 4: Devired scales is process of delivering scale values from the expert ratings
Step 5: Assigning elements to categories
• E = Element,
• S = Significant
• SU = belement,
• RS = Rankable- Screenout,
• TS = Training Subelement,
• SC = Screenout
Step 6: Use results in your application
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Author: Davi Ngo, hrvinet.com